A SAGE Journal


越南古文献中汉字与喃字的双存现象初考 ──以小学教材为考察中心

阮俊强 Nguyễn Tuấn Cường

发布时间:2020-02-27    点击次数:


越南汉喃文献里有一种值得注意的现象,即文本中同时存在汉文和喃文,目前暂定为「汉喃文字的双存」(duo-existence of scripts)。笔者从语文学(philology)角度来探讨越南古典文献中,尤其是小学教材的汉喃文字双存现象。笔者将双存文字分为三种类型:双行文字、双接文字、双入文字。不同类型的汉字与喃字有不同的关系。通过分析这些关系,本文认为越南古文献中汉文和喃文的内容与形式不相互排斥、矛盾,而是互相依存、结合。从文本来看,汉字常排在中心位置,这是汉字和喃字在越南古文历史的双别文字digraphia)标志。

AbstractWithin the extant corpus of Sino-Nom literature, there is an interesting phenomenon tentatively called “duo-existence of scripts” - that is, the simultaneous occurrence of both Sinographs and Nom script within one text. This paper, from a philological perspective, explores this phenomenon, especially within primary educational materials. The author differentiates between three types of “coexisting scripts”: duo-linear, duo-connected, and duo-mixed. There is a different relationship between the Sinographic and Nom texts within each type. Based on the identification and analysis of those different relationships, this paper argues that Sinographs and Nom script in Vietnam were not mutually exclusive or contradictory - on the contrary, they coexisted and cooperated in various ways differing in content and form. Despite this, Sinographs usually occupied a central position within the text more often than Nom scripts - this signifies the diagraphia between Sinographs and Nom script in Vietnam’s classical texts.

【关键词】汉字 喃字 双存 小学教材 越南

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