A SAGE Journal




发布时间:2020-02-27    点击次数:


白川静认为“文”字的本义是殷人临终时在胸部施加的文身。他从两个方面进行了论证:第一、“文”字的甲骨文金文字形。第二、殷人的文身习俗。论证殷人文身习俗,他提供了四个方面的论据,1. 人类学知识。2. 与文身相关的系列字。3. 实物。4. 语言用例。白川静的上述观点与论证都存在失误。第一、“文”字的甲金文字形无法证明它是人临终时加上去的文身符号。第二、人类学知识不足以证明殷人存在着文身习俗。第三、白川静提供的实物不足以证明殷人存在着文身习俗。第四、白川静提供的语言用例不足以证明“文”字是人临终时加上去的文身符号。第五、白川静对于所谓与文身相关的系列字的解读是错误的。

AbstractShirakawa Shizuka regarded the Chinese character “ wen”’s literal sense as the tattoo made on the chest of dying person. He concluded it from the graphs of “” on oracle bones and bronze inscriptions,, and the Yin people’s custom of tattoo. When he demonstrated the Yin people’s custom of tattoo, he provided four evidences: 1. Anthropological knowledge. 2. Serial characters about tattoo. 3. Language examples. 4. Object evidences. But there are mistakes existing in his viewpoint and argumentation. First, we can’t prove the character “” is a tattoo symbol adding on the chest before people die just by its ancient graphs. Second, the anthropology knowledge could not prove that Yin people really have a custom of tattoo. Third, the material proofs provided by Shirakawa Shizuka could not prove the tattoo custom existing in Yin people’s society. Forth, the language examples could not prove the character “” is the symbol of a tattoo on chest before someone’s death. The last, Shirakawa Shizuka ’s interpretation of the so-called serial characters related to tattoo is wrong.

【关键词】白川静 文 系列字 文身 解释 错误

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